Complete Latest manual_testing Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers and Experienced


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Complete Latest Manual Testing Question and Answers

Manual Testing Question and AnswersPlay Quiz On Manual Testing  |  More Q&A Click Here
# Question Options Answer
1 When an expected result is not specified in test case template then:
  • We cannot run the test
  • It may be difficult to repeat the test
  • It may be difficult to determine if the test has passed or failed
  • We cannot automate the user inputs
  • It may be difficult to determine if the test has passed or failed
    2 In which activity of the Fundamental Test Process is the test environment set up?
  • Test implementation and execution.
  • Test planning and control
  • Test analysis and design
  • Evaluating exit criteria and reporting
  • Test implementation and execution.
    3 The main focus of acceptance testing is:
  • finding faults in the system
  • ensuring that the system is acceptable to all users
  • testing the system with other systems
  • testing for a business perspective
  • testing for a business perspective
    4 Verification is:
  • Checking that we are building the right system
  • Checking that we are building the system right
  • Performed by an independent test team
  • Making sure that it is what the user really wants
  • Checking that we are building the system right
    5 The difference between re-testing and regression testing is:
  • re-testing is running a test again; regression testing looks for unexpected side effects
  • re-testing looks for unexpected side effects; regression testing is repeating those tests
  • re-testing is done after faults are fixed; regression testing is done earlier
  • re-testing is done by developers, regression testing is done by independent testers
  • re-testing is running a test again; regression testing looks for unexpected side effects
    6 Impact Analysis helps to decide:
  • Different Tools to perform Regression Testing
  • Exit Criteria
  • How many more test cases need to written
  • How much regression testing should be done
  • How much regression testing should be done
    7 Beta testing is:
  • Performed by customers at their own site
  • Performed by customers at their software developer’s site
  • Performed by an independent test team
  • Performed as early as possible in the lifecycle
  • Performed by customers at their own site
    8 Which of the following would be a valid measure of test progress?
  • Number of undetected defects
  • Number of test cases not yet executed
  • Total number of defects in the product
  • Effort required to fix all defects
  • Number of test cases not yet executed
    9 Determine the statement which holds true in case of Exploratory Testing:
  • It starts the execution only when the design gets finalized
  • It involves simultaneous design of the test and execution
  • It starts the execution only when the design gets renewed
  • It starts the execution only when the design gets amended
  • It involves simultaneous design of the test and execution
    10 Which of the following is a major task of test planning?
  • Determining the test approach
  • Preparing test specifications
  • Evaluating exit criteria and reporting
  • Measuring and analyzing results
  • Determining the test approach
    11 Statement Coverage will not check for the following:
  • Missing Statements
  • Unused Branches
  • Dead Code
  • Unused Statement
  • Missing Statements
    12 Which of the following is NOT a black box technique?
  • Equivalence partitioning
  • State transition testing
  • Linear code sequence and jump
  • Boundary value analysis
  • Linear code sequence and jump
    13 Which testing phase tests individual software modules combined together as a group?
  • Module testing
  • Integration testing
  • White Box testing
  • Software testing
  • Integration testing
    14 Unreachable code would best be found using:
  • code reviews
  • code inspections
  • a coverage tool
  • a static analysis tool
  • code reviews
    15 A test harness is a:
  • A high level document describing the principles, approach and major objectives of the organization regarding testing
  • A distance set of test activities collected into a manageable phase of a project
  • A test environment comprised of stubs and drives needed to conduct a test
  • A set of several test cases for a component or system under test
  • A test environment comprised of stubs and drives needed to conduct a test
    16 Before launching a software which testing is to be done in-house?
  • Beta
  • Gamma
  • Alpha
  • None of the above
  • Alpha
    17 Equivalence partitioning is:
  • A black box testing technique used only by developers
  • A black box testing technique than can only be used during system testing
  • A black box testing technique appropriate to all levels of testing
  • A white box testing technique appropriate for component testing
  • A black box testing technique appropriate to all levels of testing
    18 Which of the following is NOT a static testing technique?
  • Error guessing
  • Walkthrough
  • Data flow analysis
  • Inspections
  • Error guessing
    19 What is the purpose of test completion criteria in a test plan?
  • to know when a specific test has finished its execution
  • to ensure that the test case specification is complete
  • to set the criteria used in generating test inputs
  • to plan when to stop testing
  • to plan when to stop testing
    20 Which of the following is not part of performance testing?
  • Measuring response time
  • Measuring transaction rates
  • Recovery testing
  • Generating many transactions
  • Recovery testing
    21 What is the purpose of retrospective meeting for a facilitator, need to ensure during the meeting?
  • Peer pressure, Fine-grain coordination, Focusing on the few, Daily commitment and Raising impediments.
  • Know the work, Get a fresh start, Commit to shared goals and Create focus and abundance.
  • True-up, Show and tell, Get direct feedback, Offer insights and Ask for help.
  • Inspect and adapt. Look back at how, not what Do (even) better next time.
  • Inspect and adapt. Look back at how, not what Do (even) better next time.
    22 Which of the following is done in design phase in a TDM process?
  • Collection/consolidation of data requirements
  • Analyze data requirements and latest distribution log
  • Asses for gaps and impact of data modification
  • None of these
  • None of these
    23 Which defect life cycle state, refers to bug being allocated against a development team to address it but not yet resolved?
  • New
  • Assigned
  • Active
  • Verified
  • Assigned
    24 Which software testing estimation technique, is measured from a functional, or user, point of view and is based on available documents like SRS, Design etc?
  • Delphi Technique
  • WBS
  • Three Point Estimation
  • Functional Point Method
  • Functional Point Method
    25 Reviewing the test Basis is a part of which phase
  • Test Analysis and Design
  • Test Implementation and execution
  • Test Closure Activities
  • Evaluating exit criteria and reporting
  • Test Analysis and Design
    26 Which type of requirement traceability matrix , has references from test cases to requirements and vice versa?
  • Forward Traceability Matrix
  • Backward Traceability Matrix
  • Bi-Directional Traceability Matrix
  • None of these
  • Bi-Directional Traceability Matrix
    27 What is not an pillar of the Scrum framework?
  • Transparency
  • Inspection
  • Adaptation
  • Increment
  • Increment
    28 Enough testing has been performed when:
  • time runs out.
  • the required level of confidence has been achieved.
  • no more faults are found.
  • the users won’t find any serious faults.
  • the required level of confidence has been achieved.
    29 The inputs for developing a test plan are taken from?
  • Project plan
  • Business plan
  • Support plan
  • None of these
  • Project plan
    30 Which defect life cycle state, refers to defect that is retested and the test has been checked by QA?
  • New
  • Assigned
  • Active
  • Verified
  • Verified
    31 What does software testing achieves?
  • provide stakeholders with information about the quality of the product
  • provide objective view of the software
  • provide independent view of the software
  • All of these
  • All of these
    32 Which one of the following describes the major benefit of verification early in the life cycle?
  • It allows the identification of changes in user requirements.
  • It facilitates timely set up of the test environment.
  • It reduces defect multiplication.
  • It allows testers to become involved early in the project.
  • It reduces defect multiplication.
    33 Which, in general, is the least required skill of a good tester?
  • Being diplomatic
  • Able to write software
  • Having good attention to detail
  • Able to be relied on
  • Able to write software
    34 What is benefit of Waterfall Model?
  • There are specific deliverables in each phase of the life cycle.
  • All the activities to be performed in each phase are clearly defined.
  • It is perfectly suitable for short projects where all the requirements are predefined and understood clearly.
  • All of these
  • All of these
    35 Which of the following is likely to benefit most from the use of test tools providing test capture and replay facilities?
  • Regression testing
  • Integration testing
  • System testing
  • User acceptance testing
  • Regression testing
    36 Cyclomatic Complexity method comes under which testing method.
  • White box
  • Black box
  • Green box
  • Yellow box
  • White box
    37 Which of the following is done in analysis phase in a TDM process?
  • Define data requirements and templates for data management
  • Prepare documentation including list of tests and data landscape reference
  • Establish a service level agreement
  • None of these
  • None of these
    38 Which key feature should be a part of an Agile project?
  • A large number of written progress reports
  • No project documentation, as all communication is tacit information
  • Good face-to-face communication, supplemented by lean but sufficient documentation
  • All documentation done in previous projects would be replicated for the Agile project.
  • Good face-to-face communication, supplemented by lean but sufficient documentation
    39 What advantage does a tested product has?
  • meets the business requirements
  • meets the technical requirements
  • works as expected
  • All of these
  • All of these
    40 What characterizes an Agile leader?
  • Task focused
  • Process oriented
  • Supportive
  • Disinterested
  • Supportive
    41 Which of the following should NOT normally be an objective for a test?
  • To find faults in the software.
  • To assess whether the software is ready for release.
  • To demonstrate that the software doesn’t work.
  • To prove that the software is correct.
  • To prove that the software is correct.
    42 Which defect life cycle state, refers to bug being allocated against a development team to address it but not yet resolved?
  • New
  • Assigned
  • Active
  • Verified
  • Assigned
    43 White Box Techniques are also called as?
  • Structural Testing
  • Design Based Testing
  • Error Guessing Technique
  • Experience Based Technique
  • Structural Testing
    44 If an expected result is not specified then:
  • We cannot run the test
  • It may be difficult to repeat the test
  • It may be difficult to determine if the test has passed or failed
  • We cannot automate the user inputs
  • It may be difficult to determine if the test has passed or failed
    45 What does software testing involves?
  • validation
  • Verification
  • Both validation and Verification
  • None of these
  • Both validation and Verification
    46 What is the disadvantage of V Model?
  • The testing team starts in parallel with development. Hence, the overall budget and resource usage increases.
  • Change in requirement is difficult to incorporate.
  • The working model of the software is only available in the later phases of the development.
  • All of these
  • All of these
    47 Which of the following is NOT part of system testing?
  • business process-based testing
  • performance, load and stress testing
  • usability testing
  • top-down integration testing
  • top-down integration testing
    48 When should testing be stopped?
  • when all the planned tests have been run
  • when time has run out
  • when all faults have been fixed correctly
  • it depends on the risks for the system being tested
  • it depends on the risks for the system being tested
    49 Exhaustive Testing is
  • Is impractical but possible
  • Is practically possible
  • Is impractical and impossible
  • Is always possible
  • Is impractical but possible
    50 What is an equivalence partition (also known as an equivalence class)?
  • A set of test cases for testing classes of objects
  • An input or output range of values such that only one value in the range becomes a test case
  • An input or output range of values such that each value in the range becomes a test case
  • An input or output range of values such that every tenth value in the range becomes a test case.
  • An input or output range of values such that only one value in the range becomes a test case
    51 Which of the following is not a part of the Test Implementation and Execution Phase
  • Creating test suites from the test cases
  • Executing test cases either manually or by using test execution tools
  • Comparing actual results
  • Designing the Tests
  • Designing the Tests
    52 Which of the following techniques is NOT a White box technique?
  • Statement Testing and coverage
  • Decision Testing and coverage
  • Condition Coverage
  • Boundary value analysis
  • Boundary value analysis
    53 The Planning phase of a formal review includes the following
  • Explaining the objectives
  • Selecting the personnel, allocating roles.
  • Follow up
  • Individual Meeting preparations
  • Selecting the personnel, allocating roles.
    54 Which of the following is a Key Characteristics of Walk Through
  • Scenario , Dry Run , Peer Group
  • Pre Meeting Preparations
  • Formal Follow Up Process
  • Includes Metrics
  • Scenario , Dry Run , Peer Group
    55 Static analysis is best described as:
  • The analysis of batch programs.
  • The reviewing of test plans.
  • The analysis of program code.
  • The use of black box testing.
  • The analysis of program code.
    56 White box testing is not called as___
  • Glass box testing
  • Closed box testing
  • Open box testing
  • Clear box testing
  • Closed box testing
    57 Retesting of a single program or component after a change has been made?
  • Full Regression Testing
  • Unit Regression
  • Regional Regression
  • Retesting
  • Unit Regression
    58 Software testing which is done without planning and Documentation is known as
  • adHoc Testing
  • Unit Testing
  • Regression testing
  • Functional testing
  • adHoc Testing
    59 Acceptance testing is known as
  • Beta Testing
  • Greybox testing
  • Test Automation
  • White box testing
  • Beta Testing
    60 Retesting the entire application after a change has been made called as?
  • Full Regression Testing
  • Unit Regression
  • Regional Regression
  • Retesting
  • Full Regression Testing
    61 Which is non-functional software testing?
  • Unit Testing
  • Block box testing
  • Performance Testing
  • Regression testing
  • Performance Testing
    62 Executing the same test case on a modified build called as
  • Regression Testing
  • Retesting
  • Ad hoc Testing
  • Sanity Testing
  • Regression Testing
    63 Informing to the developer which bug to be fix first is called as
  • Severity
  • Priority
  • Fix ability
  • Traceability
  • Priority
    64 Retesting modules connected to the program or component after a change has been made?
  • Full Regression Testing
  • Unit Regression
  • Regional Regression
  • Retesting
  • Regional Regression
    65 Standards and procedures for managing changes in an evolving software product is called?
  • Confirmation Management
  • Confederation Management
  • Configuration Management
  • Comparability Management
  • Configuration Management
    66 Defects generally fall into the following categories?
  • Wrong
  • Missing
  • Extra
  • All the above
  • All the above
    67 Which Software Development Life cycle model will require to start Testing Activities when starting development activities itself
  • Water fall model
  • Spiral Model
  • V-model
  • Linear model
  • V-model
    68 How severely the bug is effecting the application is called as
  • Severity
  • Priority
  • Fix ability
  • Traceability
  • Severity
    69 AdHoc testing is a part of
  • Unit Testing
  • Regression Testing
  • Exploratory Testing
  • Performance Testing
  • Exploratory Testing
    70 SPICE Means
  • Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination.
  • Software Process Improvement and Compatibility Determination.
  • Software Process Invention and Compatibility Determination.
  • Software Process Improvement and Control Determination.
  • Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination.
    71 This type of test include, how well the user will be able to understand and interact with the system?
  • Usability Testing
  • User Acceptance Testing
  • Alpha Testing
  • Beta Testing
  • Usability Testing
    72 Unit Testing will be done by
  • Testers
  • End Users
  • Customer
  • Developers
  • Developers
    73 A Plan to overcome the risk called as
  • Migration Plan
  • Master plan
  • Maintenance plan
  • Mitigation Plan
  • Mitigation Plan
    74 Management and Measurement, It will come under
  • CMM Level 1
  • CMM Level 3
  • CMM Level 4
  • CMM Level 2
  • CMM Level 4
    75 A Project risk includes which of the following
  • Organizational Factors
  • Poor Software characteristics
  • Error Prone software delivered
  • Software that does not perform its intended functions
  • Organizational Factors